There are 4 types of Namaz(Prayer).

Fardh     Sunnah   Wajib    Nawafil

1. Fardh:

Fardh is an Arabic world, which means compulsory or obligatory. The Five daily prayer i.e., Fajr, Dhuhr, 'Asr, Magrhib and 'Isha are obligatory prayers. It is a sin to intentionally skip a Fardh Prayer. If a prayer is missed because of forgetfulness or due to some unavoidable circumstances, then offering the missed Prayer as soon as possible will rectify this mistake.

2. Sunnah

The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, offered extra Raka'at of Prayer in addition to those of Fardh Prayers. These are called Sunnah Prayers. It is considered necessary by all jurists to offer these prayers. The willful neglect of Sunnah Prayers is censurable in the sight of Allah.
Following are the Sunnah Prayers:a.Two Rak'at of Sunnah Prayer should be offered before the Fardh Prayer of Fajr. However, if a person joins the congregation without having offered Sunnah due to circumstances beyond his control, he can offer these after the Fardh prayer.b.Four Rak'at of Sunnah Prayer before Fardh and two Rak'at after the Fardh in Dhuhr Prayer. In case one is unable to perform four Rak'at Sunnah before the Fardh in Dhuhr Prayer, one should offer these after the congregational Fardh Prayer. (Note: Followers of Hanfi school of thought offer two Sunnat while some other Muslims offer four Sunnat after Fardh in Dhuhr Prayer.)c.Two Rak'at of Sunnah after the Fardh of Maghrib Prayer.d.Two Rak'at of Sunnah after the Fardh of 'Isha Prayer.

3. Wajib:

Wajib prayers are necessary and willful neglect is considered sinful. However, if someone misses any of these due to unavoidable circumstances, Qadha (make-up of missed prayer) is not required.The following are Wajib Prayers:a.Three Rak'at of Vitr after 'Ishab.Two Rak'at of Eidul-Fitr and Two Rak'at of Eidul-Adhac.Two Rak'at are offered while performing the Tawaaf of K'aba.

4. Nawafi:

Nawafil plural form of an Arabic word Nafl which means voluntary or optional prayer.Following are some of the Nawafil Prayers:a.Eight Rak'at of Tahajjudb.Two Rak'at after the four/two Rak'at of Sunnah at the end of Dhuhr Prayerc.Four Rak'at before Fardh of 'Asr Prayer And 'Isha Prayer (also called as Sunnah e Ghair Muaqkedah)d.Two Rak'at after the two Rak'at at the end of Maghrib Prayere.Two or Four Rak'at of Ishraaq Prayer f.Two Rak'at offered when one enters a mosqueg.Two Rak'at offered when seeking blessing from God Almightyh.Two Rak'at offered as Salat-ul-Hajaati.Two Rak'at offered as Thanksgiving PrayerOne may offer as many Nawafil Prayers as one wish. However, Nawafil should not be offered during the forbidden times for Prayers. Nawafil should not be offered between 'Asr and Maghrib Prayer. It is preferable to offer Nawafil Prayers at home rather than in a mosque. However, it is matter of personal choice and there is no compulsion in this matter.

                            Fard Namaz Rakats.

          Rakaat for Fard Prayers :

Two rakaat sunnah ,two rakaat fardh2+2=4

four rakaat sunnah , four rakaat fardh, Two rakaat sunnah ,two rakaat Nawafil4+4+2+2=12

four rakaat sunnah (ghair muakidah), four rakaat fardh,4+4=8

Three rakaat fardh, Two rakaat sunnah ,two rakaat Nawafil3+2+2=7

 5. ISHA (EVENING) four rakaat sunnah (ghair muakidah), four rakaat fardh, Two rakaat sunnah ,two rakaat Nawafil, three rakaat Vitar (wajib), two rakaat Nawafil4+4+2+2+3+2=17

  Prayer !

The Muslim at prayer. Visit the web page.

       Timings for Fardh Prayers.

 Five daily prayers must be offered during their prescribed time periods. Allah (SWT) has made religion easy to follow and has made it convenient for Muslims to offer obligatory Prayers during a time period that is somewhat flexible. However, it is desirable and one should strive to offer Salat in its early part of time period. Following are the time periods that are prescribed for five daily prayers:

The time of the Dawn prayer starts one quarter hours before sunrise and ends before sunrise. It is strictly forbidden to pray while the sun is still rising. (

The time for Zuhr prayer starts with the decline of the sun and continues until the start of the time of ASR prayer.

The time of the ASR prayer starts at mid afternoon and ends before sunset.

The time of Maghrib prayer starts after sunset and continues till it is dark.

The time of ISHA starts at night-fall and continues up to midnight.  

Times when it is forbidden to offer prayer.

 NOTE:It is strictly forbidden to offer prayer:

When sun is rising. b.When sun is at its zenith (exactly overhead) c. When sun is settingd.Offering voluntary prayer between 'Asr and Maghrib Prayer.

How to Learn perfectly to Pray Namaz with perfect postures understand it clearly.

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   Importance of Namaz(Salah)!

   Importance of Namaz(Salah) !

Hazrat Ali (may ALLAH be pleased with him) said that:

   In English:

   If you are drowning in water and if you remember that it is time for Prayer(Namaz), then yours Intention should be to offer Salah(Prayer).

      In Urdu:

Agar tum pani me doob rahe ho aur tumhe yaad aajaye ke Namaz ka Waqt hogaya to tum Namaz ki Niyyat Karlo.

Benifits of Salah.

There are several medical benefits of Salat (Namaz):- of offering Salah and as every Muslim knows that the best part of Salah is the sujood, that is the prostration.

No wonder the Quran has mentioned the word sujood, prostration no less then 90 times in the glorious Quran. Where do you do sujood in the Salah? Normally when you [stand] erect, blood does flow into the brain but it is not sufficient for a healthy brain. During Salah when you [go into] sujood extra blood flows into the brain, which is very important for a healthy brain. When you do sujood, this extra blood supply to the skin on the face [helps] prevent diseases such as chilblain etc.

When you do sujood there is drainage of sinuses and there are fewer chances that a person will have sinusitis, that is inflammation of the sinus, this drainage of module sinus, of the frontal sinus, and a person has less chances of having inflammation of the sinus, that is sinusitis.

There are various benefits. [For example], when a person does sujood even the bronchitis's, the secretion of the bronchitis, they get drained, there are less chances of having bronchitis.

When a person breathes normally only two thirds of the capacity of the lung is exhaled out, the remaining one third remain in the lung as a residual air, now when you do sujood the abdominal visra, they press against the diaphragm and the diaphragm presses against the lower part of the lungs, the lower lobes, and when you breath during sujood even this one third residual air is aired out and that's very important for a healthy lung. There are less chances of having diseases of the lungs.

When you do sujood, there is increased venes return there is less chance of having hernia, etc. Due to posture in sujood there is less chances of having hemorrhoid, that is piles.

In a salah we stand up and we sit down, do qayam, rukuh, sujood and when we stand up from same position the weight is localized on the bottom of the feet and the calve muscle and the thigh muscle are activated and they increase the blood supply to the lower part of the body, which is very important. Further we do various postures like standing erect, bowing down, prostrating, the vertebra column takes various postures and there are less chances of having disease of the vertebrae, of the spine.

There are medical benefits and you can give a talk only on this topic. But we Muslims, we offer Salah to thank Allah (SWT), to praise Him. These are just side dishes. They are like dessert. You know it may attract a person who is a non-Muslim, towards Salah but our main meal, our main biryani, our main course is to thank Allah (SWT) and to obey the commandments of Allah and the Prophet. That is the reason we offer Salah.

Why 5 times daily salat:-

As Salah is a sort of programming towards righteousness, that we are programmed towards righteousness. And the requirement is that it should be repeated  minimum of 5 times a day. For example for a very healthy body, a doctor will tell you, you require a minimum of 3 meals a day. Similarly for a spiritual soul, a person is required to offer Salah 5 times a day. And the requirement is, that there are chances that because of the evil in the society around us, we may get de-programmed. So if we are kept on being re-programmed, there are more chances that you will remain steadfast on the Sirat al mustaqeem, on the straight path. Therefore it is compulsory that every Muslim should offer Salah a minimum of 5 times a day.

Doesn't Salat disturb my job productivity. If you know the rules of management, you will know] that a person cannot work continuously for hours together. If a person comes to office at 9 o'clock in the morning and sits till 6 o'clock in the evening, continuously for 9 hours, in fact he will be less productive. That is the reason that there are some short breaks given in between. So a person can get re-created, you know we have recreation. Similarly Salah is a sort of recreation. It rejuvenates you. If someone tells me that I am losing time, I am less productive, because I waste 15 minutes having lunch break, I would say that he is not a logical person because only if he has meals regularly, can he do more work. Similarly if a person offers Salah at intervals, I do agree he may have to work for a few minutes but when he stops and he comes back to work he works with a much better frame of mind and productivity overall will be much better. So for a logical person and a modern person he has to agree that there should be breaks so that a person can get recreated and Salah is the best form of rejuvenating your mind.

Importance of Salah in ISLAM.

The Importance of Salah in Islam:

Salah is the 2nd and most important pillar of Islam. The second you say the 1st Kalima, salah is mandatory on every Muslim. There are no excuses, not even when you are ill, on a journey or even in war.

Allah (s.w.t.) has said in the Holy Qur’an: "I have not created the jinn and humankind for any other purpose except that they should worship me."

Salah strengthens the foundations of our faith. It prepares a person to live the life of goodness and obedience to Allah (s.w.t.), and it builds courage and determination. Every time we perform salah, we renew our commitments to Allah (s.w.t.) and we rid ourselves from worldly pressures 5 times a day.

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said "The person that observes prayer properly, the prayer itself, blesses him with good wishes."

According to a hadith a companion of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) came to him one day and asked him "What is the thing that Allah (s.w.t.) loves most?" Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) replied "The thing that Allah (s.w.t.) loves most is when his people pray salah on time."

A muslim who does not move from his place after hearing the call for prayer even if his intention is to read it at home or at the Masjid in fact proves that either he does not even understand what his duty is, or if he does understand it he is so stupid and worthless, that he is quite unfit to remain in the army of Allah (s.w.t.).

Salah is a practical sign of obedience to the commands of Allah (s.w.t.). Its importance has been emphasized about 500 times in the Holy Qur’an.

Once Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) shook a dry branch of a tree so that all of the leaves of the branch fell off than the Prophet (s.a.w.) said "The sins of those who pray Salah, drop off as the leaves of this branch fell off."

Before salah, we make Wudu. Wudu is a unique way of cleansing certain parts of our body so we are clean before bowing down to the one who created us, who created the universe the one and only Allah (s.w.t.).

The Rasulallah (s.a.w.) once asked his companions "Tell me if there was a river at the door step of one of you in which you washed 5 times a day would any of your dirt remain?" When he received the reply that none of it would remain he then said "That is like the 5 times Salah, with which Allah (s.w.t.) wipes out sin.

The last thing that Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) emphasized at his deathbed was SALAH. He also said the first thing we will have to answer about on the day of judgment is SALAH.

It is said in the Holy Qur’an: "And truly Salah is hard save for the humble minded." Meaning, that Salah is hard only on those who are not ready to lead a life of obedience to Allah (s.w.t.), and on whom Salah is hard, provides himself proof of not being fit for the servitude and obedience to Allah (s.w.t.).

Salah improves and helps us to attain high moral qualities and to build a strong defense against evils which exist around us.

It is said in the Holy Qur’an, surely, Salah keeps you away from indecency and evil. This is why the prayer is described as "remembrance" to Allah (s.w.t.).

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said the bond man is nearest to Allah (s.w.t.) at the moment when he is lying in prostration before him.

Salah reminds you of Allah (s.w.t.), when you get up in the morning, it reminds you three more times when you are busy during the day, and once again before you go to bed.

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) once said, "The worst form of theft, is the theft of prayer." "How can one commit theft in prayer?" his companions asked, The Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) replied "By skipping on the complete performance of bows and prostration’s."

While in salah one communicates with Allah (s.w.t.) and experiences his presence. That’s why a hadith says: Salah is the Meraaj of a Momin.

The Rasulullah (s.a.w.) also said "The key to HEAVEN is SALAH. The key to SALAH is PURIFICATION.

My dear sisters and brothers Salah is so important that a hadith says: Salah is the only distinction between a believer and a non-believer. So brothers and sisters, if we know salah is obligatory, and we know we have to read it, Why not read it on time?

Make Salah as the most important thing in your life and pray it one time to get most out of it. Then the benefits and Rahmats (blessings) of ALLAH will be upon you.

Tips for Waking  Up for Fajr Prayer!

Prayer has a certain time in which a Muslim should offer it. Allah says, “Worship at fixed hours hath been enjoined on the believers.” (An-Nisa’: 103)

Also, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, warned against ignoring offering Prayers at their due times.

As for performing Fajr on time, try to sleep early so that you don't wake up tired and fall back to sleep. If you have work that you have to do late at night, try to do it in the morning after your Fajr Prayer. Your mind will be much clearer. Also, ask someone in your house to wake you up to pray with you. If you live by yourself, one of the very effective ways is to agree with a friend of yours to wake each others over the phone to pray Fajr on time. You will be helping each other in an important act of worship. Also, put the alarm far from your bed, because the most difficult thing is to actually get up out of the bed. Therefore, by getting up to turn it off, you can simply go to the bathroom, wash, and pray.

Also on this issue, the eminent Muslim scholar, `Abdullah ibn Abdur-Rahman Al-Jibreen, states:

Our Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, is our exemplar who provided the best example in spending long hours of the night in Prayer and waking in time for Fajr Prayer. This record was authentically known of him both in his teachings and his living example as he did not like sleeping before `Ishaa’ Prayer and discouraged his followers from useless talk after it. In this he was followed by his Companions and all the Muslims up to a time not very far from our own days.

They knew the reasons which cause laziness and lessen motivation to observe Prayers on time and warned people against them so much that some of them are reported to have said: "If you are unable to pray at night, then that is a clear sign that your sins have shackled you and deprived you of good deeds".

Al-Hasan Al-Basri was once asked: "Why is it that we cannot uphold Prayers at night?" He answered: "You are shackled in your own sins".

Motivation is presently lacking among Muslims. Otherwise, they would not have given in to sleep even if they had to stay awake in the first part of the night. When one of them is required by his work arrangements or for his own worldly benefit to wake early at dawn, he would no doubt take the necessary precaution not to miss his appointment. He will forsake his peace of mind and have a restless sleep just for fear that he might be punished or have his salary reduced.

When it comes to Prayer, they have no excuse especially when in our modern times Allah has provided us with alarm clocks which would be set at any time we wish. The problem, therefore, is one of laziness. Such people do not know what they are missing. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said with respect to those who do not observe `Ishaa’ and Fajr Prayers: "Had one of them known that he would find a wholesome meal or two good targets, he would have come for `Ishaa’ Prayer."

All in all, for him who sincerely wants to purify his soul from the attributes of the hypocrites, let him steer clear of laziness, be active, put into practice the action inspiring instructions laid out in our religion, accustom himself to taking the initiative and realising what he and everybody in his position are missing in terms of the health of the body and great reward from Allah. Only then will his performance improve, inshaa’ Allah, and he will make up for what he has missed and follow the lead of the best of generations.

Benefits of Sleeping Early!

Healthy Benefits of Sleeping Early:

Now-a-days every one of us is very busy with our jobs. Most of us gets up early in the morning, do the work in the home and then go to the job, work there and comes back home with frustrations and tiredness. The only solution by which we can get relaxation and can be free from stress, tiredness and frustrations, is sleeping early. Sleep is only one natural restorative process that helps the body to take rest which in turn helps in doing the works properly by energizing us again after we get tired and helps in continuing all the functions perfectly and appropriately. The habit of sleeping early is always good to health. Six to seven hours of sleep for adults and eight to nine hours of sleep for children is always necessary which helps a lot in terms of health and obviously helps to improve our beauty too. Early sleeping habit provides many great physical and psychological benefits in regard to health and beauty.

Stress reduction:

Increase in stress leads to many health problems like heart strokes. Sleep is the best natural way by which stress can be reduced. Sleep can repair the physical and mental damage that caused in your body due to stress and fights against diseases.

Controls and prevent diseases:

The people who sleep late at night will definitely suffer from many long term diseases especially cancer and heart problems due to increase in blood pressure and cholesterol level in the body. A habit of sleeping early helps to control and maintain blood pressure and prevent such long term diseases.

Improves memory:

Early sleep helps the mind to store the information in an organized way so that it can be retrieved later easily.

Enhances quality of life:

Sleep will improve the quality of your life and makes you experience the joy that present in doing your work.

Increase energy level:

Better and early sleep makes you more energized by increasing the energy levels and makes you feel fresh the next day you get up which helps in doing the work perfectly and in time.

Weight can be maintained:

Improper sleep that is sleeping too early or sleeping too late leads to obesity problems or leads to weight loss. These problems can be prevented and weight can be maintained by paying attention to good sleep at night.

                                                   Intentions for waking up for Fajr Prayer!